Edinburgh 2010 is a project of the World Church. It is governed by a General Council made up of 20 representatives from the Evangelical, Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal and Protestant Christian traditions. The General Council has the authority to decide all matters of strategy and policy. It was the product of much careful planning by the Towards 2010 network which started preparation for Edinburgh 2010 in 2000.

The General Council has set up an Executive Committee to meet more regularly, together with several sub-committees tasked with carrying out various aspects of Edinburgh 2010.

The project is co-ordinated by an International Director who gets supported by a 2010 Team made up of staff and volunteers for the project.